Diabetes is a group of diseases that are associated with a hormone called insulin. Your pancreas makes insulin, which allows your cells to turn glucose into energy.
There are two types of diabetes: Type I and Type II. Type I occurs when the immune system destroys the cells in your body that release insulin. Without insulin, your cells can’t absorb sugar (glucose) and convert it to energy.
When your cells can’t properly utilize insulin, you have Type II diabetes. This type is called insulin resistance. Here, the pancreas tries to make more and more insulin to compensate for your cells' inability to utilize insulin correctly, which raises your blood sugar level.
Common symptoms of diabetes include:
The best way to manage the symptoms of diabetes is to make healthy food choices and to stay active. Losing weight and getting plenty of exercise both can help lower your blood pressure.
Depending on how high your blood pressure is, Dr. Kidd also may prescribe a beta-blockers or ACE (Angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors to help relax blood vessels.
If you’re smoking, you should quit. You also need to check your blood sugar daily.
Dr. Kidd may recommend lowering your carbohydrate intake by spreading it out over the entire day. Avoid trans fat, salt, and unhealthy saturated fats, all parts of improving your diet to manage the symptoms of diabetes.
Because alcohol can affect your blood sugar, you should be careful how much you drink. Adult women with diabetes should drink no more than one glass of wine per day and men should have no more than two.
If you’re pregnant, let Dr. Kidd know, as pregnancy drastically affects your treatment plan, ruling out your ability to take certain medications.
You may need to check your blood sugar several times a day if you have diabetes. Managing your blood sugar level helps you to avoid diabetes complications. To test your blood sugar, prick your finger with a needle called a lancet and put a drop of blood on a test strip.
This provides results in about 15 seconds. There are also meters that allow you to test your arm, thumb base, or thigh instead of your finger.
If you want a physician who can help you get your diabetes under control, contact Dr. Kidd today.